Ni Perdón Ni Olvido
WHAT IS THIS?
ABOUT THE PLATAFORM
Six years after the femicides of Mile Martín, Alejandra Negrete, Yesenia Quiroz, and Nadia Vera, and the murder of Rubén Espinosa, our society still ignores what happened on July 31, 2015, in Mexico City’s Narvarte neighborhood. The lines of investigation have not been exhausted and the motive for the crime remains unknown.
This platform includes two reports on the case, a graphic novel in memory of the victims and a series of four podcasts. These contents provide information on the victims, how their families have been affected and how they have been treated by the State and the media.
Throughout these years, we observed a system that stigmatizes, revictimizes and promotes silence and impunity, instead of guaranteeing truth and justice.
ARTICLE 19 is grateful for the invaluable support and contribution of the victims’ families. We dedicate this work to their struggle and join them in demanding truth and justice.
Mile Virginia Martín, Yesenia Quiroz Alfaro, Nadia Vera Pérez, Alejandra Negrete Avilés and Rubén Espinosa Becerril were murdered. These violent events occured after Rubén and Nadia had already suffered political persecution, forcing them to move from Veracruz to Mexico City.
The victims’ families have faced many obstacles in the fight for justice to clarify the facts and punish those responsible. In 2017, the Human Rights Commission of the Federal District (CDHDF, in its Spanish acronym), issued the 04/2017 Recommendation, pointing out the violations to human rights and the responsibility of Mexico City’s authorities to carry out a comprehensive reparation of the damage. Such recommendation was accepted by the authorities, however, the resolution points have not been materialized yet.
In September 2019, Mexico City Attorney General’s Office (FGJCDMX), formerly Mexico City Prosecutor General’s Office (PGJCDMX), began to work based on the investigation plan designed and proposed by the victims’ families and their representatives in follow-up to one of the recommendation points. However, the ministerial proceedings have not been sufficient to obtain real progress in the investigation.
One of these recommendations refers to an “investigation plan” elaborated by the Mexico City Attorney General’s Office (PGR, in its Spanish acronym ) to conduct the investigations on this case, which currently remains open in the Homicide Prosecutor’s Office. Despite having held several work meetings, there is no such instrument to this date. There is no consistent theory of the case that would contribute to the victims’ access to justice.
There has not been any formal proposal from the capital authorities to make the public apology mandated by the Human Rights Commission of the Federal District’s Recommendation, nor to advance in the implementation of guarantees of non-repetition (for example measures to avoid leaks to the media, and the subsequent construction of parallel truths based on gender stereotypes).
No authority has been sanctioned for the human rights violations that were committed and continue to be committed in this case. People who were directly linked to the investigation in its initial stage were “promoted” to other positions of greater responsibility, leaving their acts unpunished.
To this day, the case remains unpunished and the five people’s deaths continue to be a source of constant struggle before the authorities and the demand for justice is still present.
Every day that goes by is another day without knowing the truth and without justice for the victims. It is also unknown what the state will do to ensure that the victims no longer have to suffer negligence and mistreatment by the authorities and that these events never happen again.
WHAT DO WE KNOW?
AND WHAT DO WE NEED TO KNOW?
The then Federal District Attorney General’s Office initially claimed that the case was motivated by the contexts of robbery, sex work and drug dealing. Also, criminalization of the victims was encouraged due to the leaking of personal information of the victims by the personnel of the same Attorney General’s Office.
As a containment measure, the Attorney General’s Office arrested three people allegedly involved in the events. However, their statements did not support a version that is limited to other elements of the investigations.
The facts remain unclarified, starting with the motives that led to the murders. To this date, neither Rubén’s journalistic work nor Nadia’s defense of human rights have been considered as the main line of investigation. The macro-criminal context of Veracruz, as well as the threats and persecutions suffered by the photojournalist for his journalistic work have not been taken into account. The relationship between the perpetrators and some key actors in Veracruz has not been unraveled either, making it impossible for us to know what happened in this apartment on July 31st, 2015.
Every day that goes by is another day without knowing the truth and without justice for the victims. It is also another day without knowing what the state will do to ensure that the victims no longer have to suffer the negligence and mistreatment of the authorities and that these events never happen again.
Happy, extrovert, hard-working. This is how Mile Virginia Martín’s brother describes her. Mile was born in Bogotá, Colombia, on October 20th, 1983. Coming from a modest family, she wanted to become a fashion designer and left her family in 2012 to move to Mexico City and find better job opportunities. In June 2015, Mile met Yesenia at a party, who offered to house her while she was looking for a place to live. According to the Attorney General’s version, based on Abraham Torres’ testimony, he knew Mile, so she opened the door for him on July 31st. After the tragedy, the Attorney General’s office took more than three days to confirm Mile’s identity, in part because his family was unable to travel to Mexico City to identify the body.
The eldest of five siblings, Olivia Alejandra Negrete Avilés was born on November 6th, 1975. She was a single mother of three daughters aged 23, 22, and 13. Alejandra was very friendly, says her sister. She lived in Naucalpan in the state of Mexico but worked in the capital as a housekeeper since 2015 to save money for her daughter’s 15th birthday party. She started working in the Colonia Narvarte building on July 27, a few days before the murder. On Friday, July 31, Alejandra left for work telling her youngest daughter that she loved her. Around 7:30 pm, her relatives started to worry as she did not show up to pick up her daughter up from a friends’ house. They went to her workplace and discovered what had happened. Her daughter, Adriana, recognized her mother’s body.
Since she was a little girl, Yesi dreamed of becoming a great artist, said her mother Indira Alfaro. Born on September 4th, 1996, in Mexicali, Baja California, the youngest of three brothers, she decided to join the capital at 16 years to study in the field of beauty. She also worked as a seasonal hostess. Her mother describes her as having character, without being confrontational, a nice girl. On Friday, July 31st around 2:50 pm, Yesenia sent a message to her mother saying she was ok and at her apartment. On the morning of August 1st, Indira received a friend request from Yesenia’s friend Sandra (La Chikis) on Facebook. This is how she learned the news. Once there, she identified the body of her daughter thanks to her tattoo “free yourself”.
“Niña de azúcar”, Sweet girl, is what Mirtha Luz Pérez called her daughter Nadia Dominique Vera Perez. The second of four siblings, Nadia was born in Comitán, Chiapas, on February 8th, 1983. She studied Social Anthropology at the Universidad Veracruzana, where she stood out for her active participation in human rights, freedom of expression, and animal rights promotion. Her friends described her as “sweet” and “caring”, the University Committee of Struggle of the Veracruz capital wrote in a letter “with your firm voice and your small feet that left footprints that many of us began to follow soon after”. Her dedication to human rights caused her to be beaten and threatened, so she sought refuge in Mexico City in early 2015, where she was working as a cultural manager, producer, and promoter. When Ruben arrived in the capital, Nadia welcomed him. On Saturday, August 1, one of Martha’s sons told her of the tragedy. Mirtha identified Nadia with her tattoos “Rebellion is life” and “Let’s be realistic, let’s do the impossible”.
Rubén Manuel Espinosa Becerril was born in Mexico City on November 29th, 1983. The youngest of three brothers, he grew up in the popular Tacubaya neighborhood. Although he did not study photography or journalism, Rubén learned to use a camera when he joined the CHS collective. In 2009 he went to work in Veracruz, in Xalapa, where he worked for news agencies, for Javier Duarte’s electoral campaign, and the Social Communication office of the Xalapa City Hall. Restless, always looking to help, he began to portray the violence and social malaise in the entity. When he started to feel harassed and watched, he sought refuge in Mexico City. His friends described him as very calm, as someone who, indeed, did not believe in the State because he knew that there were people who attacked journalists, but he was not paranoiac like some said.
On July 30th, 2015, Ruben asked his friend Antonio Contreras to go with him to pick up his credential at the National Electoral Institute. Then they met Nadia at a bar in the Historic Center, and ended up in Nadia’s apartment. On July 31st, Rubén never answered his friends and sister’s messages. On August 1st, her sister called Antonio, worried, and they went to the Narvarte building. There, the police told them that there had been a multiple-homicide. She burst into tears. Later, the authorities confirmed what she already feared.